Last October, the first illumos hack-a-thon took place. Out of that a lot of interesting things were done and have since been integrated into illumos. Two of the more interesting gems were Adam Leventhal and Matt Ahrens adding dtrace -x temporal and Eric Schrock adding the DTrace print() action. Already print() is in the ranks of things where once you have it you really miss it when you don’t. During the hack-a-thon I had the chance to work Matt Amdur. Together we worked on another one of those nice to haves that has finally landed in illumos: tab completion for mdb.
For those who have never used it, mdb is the Modular Debugger that comes as a part of illumos and was originally developed for Solaris 8. mdb is primarily used for post-mortem of user and kernel applications and kernel debugger. mdb isn’t a source level debugger, but it works quite well on core dumps from userland, inspects and modifies live kernel state without stopping the system, and provides facilities for traditional debugging where a program is stopped, stepped over, and inspected. mdb replaced adb which came out of AT&T. While mdb isn’t 100% compatible with adb, it does remind you that there’s ‘No algol 68 here’. For the full history, take a look at Mike Shapiro’s talk that he gave at the Brown CS 37th IPP Symposium.
The work that we’ve done falls into three parts:
- A tab completion engine.
- Changes to the module API and several new functions to allow dcmds
to implement their own tab completion.
- Tab completion support for several dcmds
Thanks to CTF data in the kernel, we can tab complete everything from walker names, to types and their members. We went and added tab completion to the following dcmds:
- The dcmds themselves
Seeing is believing: Tab completion in action
> ::pr[tab] print printf project prov_tab prtconf prtusb
> ::walk ar[tab] arc_buf_hdr_t arc_buf_t > ::walk arc_buf_
> ::sizeof struct dt[tab] struct dtrace_actdesc struct dtrace_action struct dtrace_aggbuffer struct dtrace_aggdesc struct dtrace_aggkey struct dtrace_aggregation struct dtrace_anon struct dtrace_argdesc struct dtrace_attribute struct dtrace_bufdesc struct dtrace_buffer struct dtrace_conf struct dtrace_cred struct dtrace_difo struct dtrace_diftype struct dtrace_difv struct dtrace_dstate struct dtrace_dstate_percpu struct dtrace_dynhash struct dtrace_dynvar struct dtrace_ecb struct dtrace_ecbdesc struct dtrace_enabling struct dtrace_eprobedesc struct dtrace_fmtdesc struct dtrace_hash ...
> ::offsetof zio_t io_v[tab] io_vd io_vdev_tree io_vsd io_vsd_ops
Walking across types with ::print
> p0::print proc_t p_zone->zone_n[tab] zone_name zone_ncpus zone_ncpus_online zone_netstack zone_nlwps zone_nlwps_ctl zone_nlwps_lock zone_nodename zone_nprocs zone_nprocs_ctl zone_nprocs_kstat zone_ntasks
In addition, just as you can walk across structure (.) and array () dereferences in ::print invocations, you can also do the same with tab completion.
Now that mdb tab completion change is in illumos there’s already some work to add backends to new dcmds including:
What else would you like to see? Let us know in a comment or better yet, go ahead and implement it yourself!